The prolific centre-back has been recognised for becoming the first man to lead Real Madrid to a league and European Cup double since 1958.
Real Madrid and Spain star Sergio Ramos is the highest-ranked defender in the 2017 Goal 50.
The 31-year-old is coming off the back of another outstanding season, having become the first player to lead Los Blancos to a league and European Cup double since Juan Alonso in 1958.
Ramos contributed an impressive 10 goals to the Madrid cause - a new personal best for the centre-half over the course of a single campaign.
There was a precious equaliser in the 1-1 Liga draw at Barcelona that preserved his side's unbeaten run, which ultimately stretched to 40 matches, as well as a dramatic late winner against Real Betis during the title run-in.
Ramos also drew Madrid level at a time when they were 1-0 down on the night - but still 3-2 up on aggregate - in their Champions League last-16 tie with Napoli.
As a result of his decisiveness at both ends of the field, the World Cup winner finished above fellow defenders such as Leonardo Bonucci and Dani Alves in this year's Goal 50.